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China has to walk a fine balance between local govern

nment debt management and stable economic growth, especially at a time when trade te

nsions with the United States have imposed more downward pressure, said economists.

More financial resources and investors will be involved in the debt resolution process, said Qiao Baoyun, head of the Acad

emy of Public Finance and Public Policy at the Central University of Finance and Economics.

The last round of local government debt swaps started in 2015 and ended in August 2018, w

hich saw 14.34 trillion yuan ($2.08 trillion) of local government debt being swapped into bonds.

Local governments are set to face more debt burden in the next three ye

ars, as many of the previously issued bonds are set to expire, income from land sales has

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Hospital head removed after 5 infants dieuthern Medical Uni

Liu Ruilin, Party secretary and president of Shunde Hospital of Southern Medical University, has been re

moved from his positions after five babies died and 14 fell ill during an enterovirus outbreak at the hospital.

The five newborns who died had other underlying diseases, such as pneumonia, before contracti

ng the virus, according to a statement from the Guangdong Health Commission on Saturday.

Thirteen of the sick babies have been discharged from the hospital, wh

ile the other one continues to be treated and is in a stable condition, the commission said.

An investigation determined that the case became serious becaus

e of the combination of the intestinal virus with lax hospital management.

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population, including psychological needs, so the servi

services will aim precisely at those most in need,” she said.Shan Jixiang, former director and curator of the Palace Muse

um, has been hired as Palace Museum Research Institute chief, one month after his retirement.

Wang Xudong, current director of the Palace Museum, on Wednesday handed the offer letter, dated May 6, to Shan.

Xi Huan, vice-president of Beijing Hospital, said major medical institutions need to mak

e more efforts to improve services for the elderly, including the promotion of disease prevention educ

ation and increased follow-up visits for elderly patients who have been discharged from the hospital.

“Big hospitals should provide more help for elderly patients, and more follow-up nursing services after they leave the ho

spital, so they can get timely help if problems occur at home or at community health centers,” he said.

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True, the first quarter of 2019 yielded better-than-expe

ted results. But the higher rate of FAI growth was to a large extent driven by a strong increase in investment in real estate, which is l

ikely to weaken sooner or later owing to the government’s commitment to cooling China’s “real-esta

te fever”. And, given the trade frictions with the US, China’s export performance for the rest of 2019 is highly uncertain.

To compensate for declining investment in real estate and weakening exports, China must maintain reasonable growth in inf

rastructure investment. To that end, the government should pursue higher spending (taking advantage of a strong fis

cal position), supported by accommodative monetary policy (amid very low inflation).

Fiscal and monetary expansion may be out of fashion among China’s mainstream economists, who insist that struct

ural adjustment must be the priority. But it could go a long way toward bolstering China’s economic per

formance in 2019, without impeding structural reform. The challenge is to strike the right balance.

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Only toward the end of the last century, global econom

 integration-trade, investment and finance-began benefiting large emerging and developing econ

omies. To be sustainable, globalization cannot serve just a few wealthy advanced economies. It m

ust also serve poorer and faster-growing economies, which today account for most of the global growth.

So, by flirting with trade protectionism and punitive tariffs on imports, adva

nced economies are seeking to implement the wrong policies at the wrong time. As the adv

anced countries have fallen into secular stagnation, they desperately need growth. Therefore, the rise of poorer eco

nomies is not a win-lose game, because it benefits the advanced economies, too.

In the aftermath of the 2008 global financial crisis, all major advanced econom

ies would have faced another Great Depression without the support of large emerging economies, particularly Ch

ina. And the contribution of these countries to global GDP growth is expected to climb to 80 percent by 2050.

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said that “all military units deployed in the eigh

The People’s Bank of China (PBOC), the central bank, has upgra

ded the fifth edition of the renminbi (RMB), the Chin

ese currency, and on Monday announced the issuing of the new batch from Aug 30.

The new issuance will include notes with a face value of 50 y

uan ($7), 20 yuan, 10 yuan and one yuan, and coins valued one yuan, 50 fen and 10 fen.

Compared with the current series in circulation, the new batch will see brighte

r colors and adjusted patterns with enhanced anti-conterfeiting feature, a PBOC official said.

The five-yuan note will not be in the upcoming issuance as new technologies on the note are still under testing. The 100-y

uan note was issued in November 2015, which has shown improved anti-conterfeiting capability, said the PBOC source.

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China looks to strike a balance between meeting finan

ancing needs, sustainable development and debt sustainability, according to Finance Minister Liu Kun.

“We will build a high-standard and high-quality financing system to s

upport long-term and sustainable BRI investment while preventing debt risks,” Liu said.

He suggested promoting financing cooperation for projects in

third-party countries, equity investment and attracting more private funding.

Enhancing debt and risk management is a key consideration for deepening BRI financi

ng cooperation, said Yi Gang, governor of the People’s Bank of China, the central bank.

“The debt issue in developing countries should be treated objective

ly. If debt growth is accompanied by infrastructure improvement, enhancement of people’s liveliho

ods and productivity and poverty reduction, it will be beneficial for the sustainability of long-term debt,” Yi said.

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China does not own the Belt and Road Initiative. Nor doe

 it want to. From the start, Beijing has been accentuating the desirabi

lity of voluntary participation, consultations on equal footings, a joint construction proces

s and fair sharing of subsequent dividends.VLADIVOSTOK, Russia – Top leader of the Democratic People’s Rep

ublic of Korea (DPRK) Kim Jong-un arrived in Russia’s Far Eastern city of Vladiv

ostok in his train on Wednesday for the first meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin on Thursday.

Kim’s armored train stopped at the Khasan railway station

of the territory at 10:30 am local time (0030 GMT) and he was rec

eived by the territory’s governor Oleg Kozhemyako, Russian Minister for the

Development of the Far East and the Arctic Alexander Kozlov, Russian Deputy For

eign Minister Igor Morgulov, and Russian Ambassador to the DPRK Alexander Matsegora.

“I am glad to be on Russian soil,” said Kim, according to the pr

ess release. Kim said that this will not be his last trip to Russia.

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The first draft also improved rules on developing a m

ulti-layer capital market system, strengthening investor p

rotection, promoting securities industry innovations and enhancing regulation.

New revisions were submitted for a second reading in April 2017 to

improve regulation on such areas as stock trading, acquisitions of listed firms, information disclos

ure and investor protection. The second draft also demanded the State Council to gradually advance the IPO syst

em reform in accordance with authorization granted by the top legislature.

Note: The following article is taken from the Chinese-language “Commentaries on International Affairs”.

On Thursday, the World Trade Organization (WTO) release

d a panel report on the case the United States lodged in December 2016 against China for its

use of tariff-rate quotas for wheat, rice, and corn. The WTO panel ruled that China’s administration of tariff-rate quo

tas violated its commitment to administer them transparently, while rejecting

the appeal by the American side which demanded that China release the information on tariff-rate quotas.

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The lawsuit accused Liu and JD on six counts of false im

prisonment, civil assault and battery, as well as sexual assault or batter

y, seeking damages in excess of $50,000, according to a report from Reuters.

The court filing said JD is “vicariously liable” for Liu’s behavior as his alleged actions happened while

he was “seemingly” at work-related activities, and the assault and battery began in the presence of two other JD employees.

“We have not yet reviewed the complaint and are not going to comment on pending litigation, but based on the Hennepin County A

ttorney’s declination to charge a case against our client and our belief in his innocence, we feel strongly that this suit

is without merit and will vigorously defend against it,” Liu’s attorney Jill Brisbois said in a written statement.

Peter Walsh, an attorney for JD, said in a statement while it was not prepared to com

ment at this time, the company would vigorously fight against these “meritless claims”.

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